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International Birth Defects Information Systems Ionizing Radiation
Mission: Amelioration, Prevention and Genetic Counseling concerning Birth Defects, Genetic Disorders, Congenital Malformations, Anomalies and Developmental Disorders
I.B.I.S in Ukrainian   See I.B.I.S. in Ukrainian

Ionizing Radiation


Topics: | Chernobyl Radiation | Chornobyl Radiation | X ray |

Related Topics : | Chornobyl Disaster | Disabilities | Birth Defects | Fetal Alcohol Syndrome |

Service Related: | Support Groups | Professional Associations | Key Information Sources |

Languages: | English | French |

Notes per Visitors  

A must-read - The Effects of Chernobyl Revisited Years Later - An important article by Dr. Wertelecki: The rate of malformations in babies born to mothers living through the Chernobyl event in an area of chronic low-radiation exposure is reported as being exceeding high, among the highest in Europe.

Full Report
Editorial Comment
The Lancet Article
Reuters Report

Radiation and Your Patient: A Guide for Medical Practitioners (cached)
International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), (Original Link)
Visitor Comments [for Professionals mainly]
... diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy have evolved from the original crude practices to advanced techniques that form an essential tool ... There obviously are some risks ... Cells can be killed by radiation ... result in loss of part of the chromosomal DNA which results in cell death ... Surviving cells may carry changes in the DNA at a molecular level (mutations) ... There are two basic categories of the biological effects that may be observed ... 1) due largely to cell killing (deterministic) and 2 mutations which may result in cancer and hereditary effects (stochastic or probabilistic )

Ionizing Radiation During Pregnancy
perinatology.com, November 5, 2003
Visitor Comments [for Teaching Purposes]
Pre-conception irradiation of either parent's gonads has not been shown to result in increased cancer or malformations in their children ... Radiation-induced noncancer health effects are not detectable for fetal doses below about 50 mGy (1 mGy =100 mrad) Noncancer health effects may be expected after fetal doses >=100mGy ... Doses > 100mGy are not commonly reached with conventional x-ray examinations

Prenatal Radiation Exposure: A Fact Sheet for Physicians
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, May 10, 2006
Visitor Comments [for Professionals mainly]
Radiation Information for Clinicians ... Potential Health Effects of Prenatal Radiation Exposure (Other Than Cancer) ... The potential noncancer health risks of concern are summarized in Table 1

Higher birth-defect rate seen in Chernobyl area (cached)
Amy Norton, Pediatrics, April 2010
... Rates of certain birth defects appear higher than normal in one of the Ukraine regions most affected by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster,according to a new study ...

No One Escapes Harm: (cached)
John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., November 1992, Committee for Nuclear Responsibility
The Essential Story of In-Utero Irradiation.

The Genetic Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Humans
James V. Neel, International Birth Defects Information Systems ( IBIS )

A Review Of The Current Concepts Of Radiation Measurement And Its Biological Effects
SB Grover, J Kumar, Ind J Radiol Imag 2002 12:1:21-32
Radiation measurement units have undergone a change from Rads and Rems to Grays and Sieverts. However, radiobiology literature uses both systems, resulting in confusion for Radiologists ... The biological effects of radiation had been studied and documented within few years of the discovery of Xrays and further information has consequently been available from longitudinal studies on populations affected by the atomic bomb. Biological effects are classified as deterministic (or certainty effects) and stochastic effects. Both deterministic and stochastic effects may either result in changes in organs (somatic effects) or in the genes (genetic effects) ... Stochastic effects are random events which are not dose related but their probability increases with an increase in the radiation dose ...

The Committee For Nuclear Responsibility (CNR)
Educational group organized to provide independent analyses of the health effects and sources of ionizing radiation.

The Committee for Nuclear Responsibility
Publications Available Electronically.
Preventing Breast Cancer ... Radiation-Induced Cancer from Low-Dose Exposure: An Independent Analysis ... Mammography: An Individual's Estimated Risk that the Examination Itself Will Cause Radiation-Induced Breast Cancer ... Chernobyl's 10th: Cancer and Nuclear-Age Peace - Don't Be Deceived ...

Confirmation that Ionizing Radiation Can Induce Genomic Instability: What is Genomic Instability, and Why Is It So Important?
John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., CNR. Spring 1998
Genomic instability - also called "genetic instability" and "chromosomal instability" - refers to abnormally high rates (possibly accelerating rates) of genetic change occurring serially and spontaneously in cell-populations, as they descend from the same ancestral cell ...

"Asleep at the Wheel": The Special Menace of Inherited Afflictions from Ionizing Radiation. Fall 1998
John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., CNR. Fall 1998

A Wake-Up Call for Everyone Who Dislikes Cancer and Inherited Afflictions
John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., CNR. Spring 1997

"HOLOCAUST" versus "NOTHING HAPPENED": Tales from a Distant Place - Chornobyl

John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., CNR. Fall 1991
If health reports are true from Ukraine, Byelorussia (Byelarus), and western Russia - the three republics most contaminated by the Chernobyl nuclear power accident in April 1986 - then low-dose ionizing radiation is either more harmful in more ways than indicated by other irradiated populations, or the Chernobyl radiation doses were actually quite a bit higher than anyone has reported. Objective science means that our minds stay open to both possibilities.

Chernobyl and the Collapse of Soviet Society

Jay M. Gould, CNR, March 15, 1993
A heartbreaking report on the hidden dimensions of the Chernobyl disaster of 1986 was published in Germany in 1991, written by the Ukrainian nuclear physicist chosen to "liquidate the consequences" of the accident. The book may never be published in Ukraine or Russia and the author, Vladimir Chernousenko, now dying of radiation poisoning along with thousands of others involved in the emergency cleanup, has been dismissed from his post in the Ukrainian Academy of Science for telling the truth ... Both Sakharov and Chernousenko were punished for revealing a secret kept from the public from the earliest years of the Nuclear Age ...

Chernobyl's 10th: Cancer and Nuclear-Age Peace, Don't Be Deceived

John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., CNR, Professor Emeritus, Molecular and Cell Biology, U.C. Berkeley.
A Million Chernobyl-Induced Cancers ...

Genetic Effects and Birth Defects from Radiation Exposure
Hanford Health Information Network

Assessing Exposure to Radiation
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Decreasing the Chance of Birth Defects
Rebecca D. Williams, U. S. Food and Drug Administration

Ten Questions and Answers on What You Need to Know About Birth Defects
Division of Public Health and Public Service Agromedicine Program / OEM Department of Family Medicine Medical University of South Carolina

Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility
Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility (CCNR)
CCNR is a not-for-profit organization ... dedicated to education and research on all issues related to nuclear energy ...

Regroupement pour la surveillance du nucléaire
Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility (CCNR)
Visitor Comments [French]
Le RSN est un organisme sans but lucratif ... Il est voué à l'éducation et à la recherche concernant toutes les questions qui touchent à l'énergie nucléaire ...

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Last Updated: 2010/04/12

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American Medical Association